ESRD

ESRD Basic

Definition

End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) refers to a very serious medical condition featured with the complete or almost complete failure of the kidneys to work. As a result, dangerous levels of toxins build up in body, leading to a myriad of symptoms.

Causes

End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) usually follows Chronic Kidney Disease. A person may have gradual kidney function loss for 10~20 years or more before progressing into End Stage Renal Disease( ESRD). The most common causes of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) include Diabetes and high blood pressure.

Also, some conditions can increase the risk of developing the severe condition including injury or trauma to the kidneys and major blood loss.

Symptoms

. Fatigue and weakness

. Skin problems, such as itchy skin and dry skin

. Weight loss

. Loss of appetite

. Nausea and vomiting

. Headache

. Breath difficulty and breath odor

. Swelling in every area of body

. Concentrating or thinking problems

. Muscle twitching or cramps

prognosis

In ESRD, as dangerous levels of toxins and wastes accumulate in body and the multiple organs and systems are involved. Without dialysis or a kidney transplant or other intervention treatment, death will occur from the buildup of fluids and waste products in the body.

prevention

As End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) is secondary to Chronic Kidney Disease, the the best way to prevent ESRD is to prevent CKD. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the two leading causes of CKD. Therefore, you can reduce the risk of developing ESRD greatly by keeping these conditions in control. Get your blood sugar and blood pressure checked often.

Also, the following habits can help to protect your kidneys, as follows:

. Avoid smoking and drink alcohol in moderation

. Exercise regularly

. Develop healthy dietary habits, eating a low-fat,low-salt diet

. Keep regular-checks

If you have been diagnosed with Kidney Failure, we're here to help. Call us: +86-311-86954186 OR email us: huaxiainstitute@hotmail.com(Monday through Sunday) to make an appointment.

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ESRD Symptoms

End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) is a serious medical condition, in which the kidneys fail to work completely or almost completely. As the diseased kidneys fail to remove waste products and excess fluid from the body, it can cause damage to multiple organs and systems through the whole body. You may experience the following symptoms:

Fatigue

As high levels of wastes build up in body, it is very likely to cause fatigue. Also, anemia is a major cause of fatigue. As red blood cells carry oxygen to different parts of body, reduced oxygen supply to body tissues and organs can cause fatigue.

Skin problem

ESRD has been associated with many distinctive skin problems. The skin is often pale which is related to secondary chronic anemia. Extensive bruising of the skin can occur in ESRD because of the problems with platelets and other hemostatic abnormalities. You may have dry skin with a poor texture due to chronic the dehydration. Due to high levels of uremic toxins building in body, you may have a uremia forest with crystallized material found on your face and neck.

Swelling throughout the body

As the kidneys fail to remove fluid from body, it can build up in every part of body like ankle, face, etc. As the lung is usually filled with fluid, you may have difficult breath and even can not lie on back at night.

Nausea and vomiting

ESRD is featured with serious digestive system disorder. It can affect your appetite significantly and you may experience nausea and vomiting. Additionally, the uremic toxins may injure the intestinal tract, thus leading to intestinal bleeding and ulcer.

Nerve system disease

Never system disease is commonly seen in ESRD. It is due to dangerous levels of uremic toxins in body to cause damage to nerve system. In serious case, brain disease may occur and it is a life-threatening condition.

Dialysis or other renal replacement therapies can relieve the above symptoms, but they are not enough to control the disease at all. If a timely and effective treatment is adopted to improve renal function, you will be able to control these symptoms and ESRD fundamentally.

If you have been diagnosed with Kidney Failure, we're here to help. Call us: +86-311-86954186 OR email us: huaxiainstitute@hotmail.com(Monday through Sunday) to make an appointment.

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ESRD Treatment

In End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD), your kidneys stop working completely or almost completely to filter wastes from blood. Dialysis and kidney transplant are two important treatment options for ESRD. In recent years, with rapid medical technology development, you have more treatment options.

Dialysis

Dialysis is known as artificial kidney. It can take over a part of renal function to filter micromolecular wastes from your blood. However, the residual toxins and wastes can do damage to kidney further. That is why the patients' urine output still keeps reducing while they on dialysis. In a word, dialysis only can clear some wastes from kidneys, but unable to improve renal function at all.

Kidney transplant

Kidney transplant can recover the patients with ESRD normal renal function and extend the patients' life span and improve their life quality. It is a better option than dialysis. However, it is really a tough thing to get a compatible kidney donor. Also, some potential problems and risks of kidney transplant can not be preventable at all. A major challenge of kidney transplant is lifetime immunosuppressive drugs. Long-term use of immunusuppressive drugs can increase the risk of developing a myriad of diseases, such as cancer, Diabetes, etc. Additionally, the reoccurence of Kidney Disease is very high in some kidney diseases, particularly autoimmune kidney disease.

Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is a new treatment option for ESRD. It is not a single treatment method, but a complete treatment system including removing the wastes from body, eliminating the underlying cause of your Kidney Disease as well as improving renal function by rebuilding kidney structure. It is an integrated therapy of Chinese medicine and western medicines.

Blood purification

Blood purification refers to filter toxins and wastes from body by using a series of blood purification techniques and machines. It mainly include hemodialysis,hemofiltration, hemoperfusion, plasm exchange, immune adsorption, etc. The combined application of these blood purification techniques and machines can remove the varing molecular substances, immune complexes. It can reduce burden on kidneys and create a favorable environment for rebuilding kidney structure and restoring renal function.

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy is an external therapy and it develops based on traditional Chinese medicine. The effective medicine ingredients can be penetrated into kidney lesions directly through skin and meridians in kidney area. Therefore, it get rids of the defects of traditional Chinese medicines completely.

The above are the major treatment options for ESRD. Apart from the above treatment options, massage, acupuncture, Moxibustion, traditional herbal medicines also can help.

If you have been diagnosed with Kidney Failure, we're here to help. Call us: +86-311-86954186 OR email us: huaxiainstitute@hotmail.com(Monday through Sunday) to make an appointment.

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ESRD Diet

Diet

Control fluid intake. Limit the intake of foods rich in fluids such as melons, celery, oranges and tomatoes. In addition, sodium can cause the body to retain the fluids and aggravate swelling and high blood pressure. For this reason, low-sodium foods should be adopted.

Restrict high- potassium and phosphorus foods. In ESRD, your kidneys fail to keep the electrolyte balance. As a result, minerals will be out of balance. If potassium builds up in the blood, it can cause irregular heart rhythm which can be dangerous. You should limit the fruits high in potassium such as banana, orange, avocados, kiwis, and dried fruits. However, if you are on Dialysis, you may loss potassium in the process. So you should not have so tight control on potassium intake. phosphorus causes the bones to lose calcium, which can lead to osteoporosis. Additionally, high blood phosphorus can cause skin itching. Dairy products, nuts and peanuts and other foods high in phosphorus should be eaten sparingly.

Limit intake of foods high in protein, because proteinuria can aggravate kidney deterioration. However, if you are on dialysis, you should increase the intake of high-quality protein foods such as fish, poultry, and egg whites.

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ESRD Healthy Living

Daily Life

Keep the ward with good ventilation, and proper temperature.

Have a good control of blood pressure, but the level should not be too low, which may lead to insufficient blood supply of tissues and organs of the whole body.

Guarantee to have enough rest. Overwork can reduce the resistance of human body and induce infection, thus exacerbating the kidney damage. So appropriate rest is beneficial to protect the kidneys and recover from kidney disease.

prevent catching a cold or flu. Cold can lead to the relapse of kidney disease, and rapidly deterioration of illness condition.

▪ Mental Health

Doctors and family members should encourage ESRD patients to establish the confidence to overcome the kidney disease with comprehensive treatment and health care. Have a correct attitude toward the renal disease. Good mental state plays an important role in successfully defeating the disorder.

If you have been diagnosed with Kidney Failure, we're here to help. Call us: +86-311-86954186 OR Email us: huaxiainstitute@hotmail.com(Monday through Sunday) to make an appointment.

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